Empower Yourself with the Essential Knowledge of 7 Diverse ADHD Types

Grasping the intricacies of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can often become muddled, chiefly due to the terms being interchanged. Understanding ADD and ADHD as two separate conditions, and the seven subtypes therein, is vital for both those diagnosed and their direct social circle. Let's journey together to peel back the layers of confusion shrouding these conditions.

How do ADD and ADHD differ from one another?

ADD is fundamentally marked by distractedness and struggles with sustained focus. On the other hand, ADHD presents not just inattention but also hyperactivity and hasty, impulsive behaviour.

Whilst ADD is no longer officially recognised, the term yet refers to persons with primarily unfocused symptoms. ADHD has become the umbrella term, encompassing both inattentive as well as hyperactive and impulsive traits.

It’s essential to note the uniqueness of each individual's encounter with ADD & ADHD, with a variance in symptom intensity and combination. Comprehending a person's specific ADD & ADHD type is important for effective assistance and treatment.

To truly penetrate the fabric of these conditions, it is vital to be apprised of the seven forms of ADD & ADHD: classic, inattentive, over-focused, limbic, ADD Plus, and anxious forms.

While the symptoms of ADD & ADHD can be different from one person to another, the most common symptoms include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and difficulty focusing or staying on task. These symptoms can impact the person’s school or work performance and make social interactions challenging.
There is no cure for ADD & ADHD, but effective treatment options are available to help manage symptoms. With the right diagnosis and treatment, individuals with ADD & ADHD can learn strategies to help them improve their attention, control impulses, and manage their symptoms. Understanding the different types of ADD & ADHD can be an essential first step in helping individuals receive the support and care they need.

The Seven Types of ADD & ADHD

When it comes to understanding Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), it’s important to know that there isn’t just one type. In fact, Seven different types have been observed. Here’s a breakdown of each type:

1. Classic ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD is what most of us think of when they hear the term. Symptoms include difficulty focusing, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity.

2. Inattentive ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD is characterized by difficulty focusing and paying attention. It’s often referred to as “ADD without hyperactivity” because it doesn’t typically involve hyperactive or impulsive behaviours.

3. Over-focused ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD involves difficulty shifting attention from one task to another, which can lead to obsession or fixation on one thing.

4. Temporal Lobe ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD is characterized by difficulty regulating emotions and controlling impulses. It can also lead to seizures and other neurological issues.

5. Limbic ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD involves a hyperactive emotional response, including extreme highs and lows. People with limbic ADD may struggle with emotional regulation and can experience mood swings.

6. ADD/ADHD Plus (Ring of Fire): This type of ADD is characterized by high levels of anxiety and sensory overload. It can also involve obsessive thoughts and behaviours.

7. Anxious ADD/ADHD: This type of ADD involves excessive worry and fear, along with difficulty focusing and paying attention.
It’s important to note that many people with ADD & ADHD may exhibit symptoms of more than one type, or their symptoms may overlap with other conditions like anxiety or depression.
Understanding the different types of ADD & ADHD is crucial for finding the right treatment and management strategies. If you or someone you know is struggling with ADD & ADHD, talk to a healthcare professional about the best course of action.

Be supportive

Living with ADD & ADHD can be difficult and often overwhelming. As someone who cares about a loved one with ADD/ADHD, there are ways you can help them manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

1. Encourage Treatment
The first step in helping someone with ADD/ADHD is to encourage them to seek treatment. Therapy, medication, or a combination of the two may be given. Support them in their treatment and offer to go to appointments with them if they need it.

2. Set Realistic Goals
People with ADD & ADHD may struggle with prioritizing and planning. Help your loved one by breaking down larger goals into smaller, more manageable tasks. Setting specific and achievable goals can help them feel less overwhelmed and more motivated.

3. Create a Structured Environment
Those with ADD & ADHD often have trouble with time management and organization. Creating a structured environment can help your loved one stay on task. Establishing a routine, organizing their workspace, and keeping a calendar or planner can all help with organization and time management.

4. Offer Support and Understanding
It can be frustrating for both you and your loved one to deal with the challenges that come with ADD & ADHD. Be patient, offer support, and avoid blaming or shaming them for their struggles. Understanding their condition and being supportive can make a significant difference in their mental health and overall well-being.


  • “Taking Charge of ADHD: The Complete, Authoritative Guide for Parents” by Russell A. Barkley

    • This book provides a comprehensive understanding of ADHD, including different types and treatment options. It offers practical strategies for parents to help their children with ADHD.
  • “Driven to Distraction: Recognizing and Coping with Attention Deficit Disorder from Childhood Through Adulthood” by Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey

    • This book explores ADHD across different stages of life, from childhood to adulthood. It discusses various types of ADHD and provides insights into managing symptoms and improving attention.
  • “The ADHD Effect on Marriage: Understand and Rebuild Your Relationship in Six Steps” by Melissa Orlov and Edward M. Hallowell

    • Focusing on the impact of ADHD on relationships, this book addresses the challenges faced by couples when one or both partners have ADHD. It offers guidance on managing symptoms and improving communication.
  • “Smart but Stuck: Emotions in Teens and Adults with ADHD” by Thomas E. Brown

    • This book delves into the emotional aspects of ADHD in teenagers and adults. It explores how ADHD affects emotions, relationships, and daily life, providing strategies for coping with emotional challenges.
  • “Delivered from Distraction: Getting the Most out of Life with Attention Deficit Disorder” by Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey

    • Building on their previous work, the authors discuss various types of ADHD, treatment approaches, and strategies for managing symptoms. The book offers practical advice for individuals with ADHD to thrive in different areas of life.


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